Yamato Japanese super-dreadnought battleship
Yamato after being hit by multiple U.S carrier aircraft attacks during operation "Ten-Go", 7 April 1945. The destroyer (centre) is either Fuyuzuki or Suzutsuki. The bright flash is probably the result of the 100mm guns firing at the moment the photo was taken.
Source: Official U.S. navy photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (# 80-G-313714).